Amazon Linux vs. Ubuntu [Detailed Comparison] - Linux Magazine (2023)

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Amazon Linux vs. Ubuntu [Detailed Comparison] - Linux Magazine (1)

vonGreg Markowitsch

Amazon Linux AMI is a Linux image supported and maintained by Amazon Web Services for use on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2). It aims to provide a secure, reliable, and high-performance execution environment for Amazon EC2 applications. It contains packages that simplify AWS integration and support the new features of the EC2 instance type. All instances running the Amazon Linux AMI receive regular security and maintenance updates from Amazon Web Services. The Amazon Linux AMI is available to Amazon EC2 users at no additional cost. Amazon Linux AMI is a Linux image supported and maintained by Amazon Web Services for use on Amazon EC2.

Amazon Linux AMI is a Linux image supported and maintained by Amazon Web Services for use on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2). The most popular operating system for PCs, tablets, phones and the cloud. Ubuntu is an ancient African term meaning "humanity for others". It also says, "I am who I am as a result of who we are together." The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the computing world. Amazon Linux and Ubuntu are examples of "operating systems" software. Ubuntu has a large user base according to the StackShare forum.

Many AWS API software and CloudInit are preinstalled on the Amazon Linux AMI. Using AWS API tools, key provisioning tasks can be scripted from within an Amazon EC2 instance. CloudInit enables remote configuration of Amazon EC2 instances by forwarding instance configuration actions to instances at launch via the EC2 user data fields.

Ubuntu is a Linux distribution, a Debian-based Linux distribution that mainly uses free and open-source applications. Ubuntu comes in three editions: Desktop, Server, and Core for IoT computers, robots, and the Internet of Things. Both editions can be installed on a single device or a virtual machine. Ubuntu is a popular cloud computing operating system with OpenStack support. Since version 14.04, GNOME has been the default Ubuntu desktop.

What is Amazon Linux

  • It confirms that the latest EC2 event type has many bundles that allow for easy reconciliation with AWS.
  • Amazon Web Services provides progressive security and support updates for all cases running the Amazon Linux AMI.
  • The Amazon Linux AMI is provided free of charge to Amazon EC2 customers

Key Features of Amazon Linux


  • The Amazon Linux AMI includes bundles and arrangements that enable tight coordination with Amazon Web Services.
  • The Amazon Linux AMI is pre-launched with numerous AWS API devices and CloudInit.
  • AWS API devices enable scripting of key deployment assignments within an Amazon EC2 sample.
  • CloudInit allows sample design activities to be pushed to opportunities at ship time using the EC2 client information fields, allowing for remote placement of Amazon EC2 cases.
  • The Amazon Linux AMI is accessible in all AWS districts. For more data, see the confirmed Amazon Linux AMI image and event type mixes.

Secure configuration

  • The design of the Amazon Linux AMI improves security by focusing on two basic security goals
  • Limiting access and reducing programming weaknesses.
  • The Amazon Linux AMI limits remote access capabilities by using SSH key sets and hindering remote root login.
  • In addition, the Amazon Linux AMI reduces the number of nonessential packages introduced when they occur and limits your exposure to potential security vulnerabilities.
  • Security updates rated as "minor" or "major" are naturally applied to the underlying boot of the AMI.
  • Upon login, the Message of the Day (/etc/motd) will indicate if additional updates are available.

Bundle Repository Access

  • The Amazon Linux AMI contains bundles and agreements that provide Amazon Web Services with consistent coordination.
  • This allows the Amazon Linux AMI to ship and consume various AWS benefits from the case.
  • The Vaults are accessible in all locations and accessed via yum. By providing archives at each location, updates can be sent quickly and without information movement fees.

security updates

  • Security updates are provided using the Amazon Linux AMI Yum Vaults as well as updated Amazon Linux AMIs.
  • Security alerts are distributed in the Amazon Linux AMI Security Center.
  • For more information on AWS security approaches or to report a security issue if it's not too much trouble, visit the AWS Security Center.


  • Of course, the Amazon Linux AMI includes a small set of management, utilities, and tools to align with AWS.
  • The Amazon Linux AMI is intended to provide a useful base that allows you to add additional utilities and management (via the package stores).
  • Starting with a more modest number of bundles, this means fewer parts to manage, as well as less surface area for security abuse.


  • Support for setting up and using the Amazon Linux base AMI is built in through AWS Support memberships. For more information about AWS support, visit the AWS Support Website page.
  • Better known variants of the AMI and updated bundles will continue to be available for shipping in Amazon EC2 and setup from the Amazon Linux AMI Yum Storehouse, even as new Amazon Linux AMI customizations ship.
  • In any case, we urge customers to upgrade to and use the latest variant of the Amazon Linux AMI to ensure the best possible customer experience.

What is Ubuntu

  • Ubuntu is an antiquated African term meaning "mankind for other people". Ubuntu ships on a regular basis, with long-haul support (LTS) shipping every two years by October 22, 2020, with the latest long-haul support release being 20.04 ("Focal Fossa"), which ends in 2025 under Open Help and maintained as Support until 2030 is a paid choice.
  • The latest standard delivery is 20.10 ("Groovy Gorilla"), which is being held out for a very long time.
  • Ubuntu is developed by Canonical and a local group of engineers under a performance-oriented management model. Canonical provides security updates and support for each Ubuntu release, starting from the ship date and until delivery arrives at the designated End-of-Life (EOL) Data Canonical generates income by offering premium administrations identified with Ubuntu.
  • Based on the Debian design and framework, Ubuntu includes Linux Worker, Workarea, and defunct framework versions for phones and tablets
  • Ubuntu typically releases updated forms every six months, and each shipment gets free help with security fixes, highly variable bug fixes, and moderate, generously beneficial, generally safe fixes for a long time (eighteen months before 04/13). The main dismissal took place in October 2004.
  • Current Long-Haul Support (LTS) discharges are sustained for a very long time and delivered at regular intervals. Since the release of Ubuntu on 06.06, every fourth delivery has received long-distance support.
  • Long-term support includes updates for new devices, security fixes, and "Ubuntu stack" (distributed computing infrastructure) updates.
  • The primary LTS discharges were sustained on the work area for a very long time and on the worker for five years; Since Ubuntu 12.04 LTS, workspace support for LT unloads has been extended to five years, and LTS unloads get usual point unloads with support for new devices and the addition of the relative multitude of updates that have been distributed in this form to date

Properties of Ubuntu

  • A standard installation of Ubuntu comes with a wide range of programs that include LibreOffice, Firefox, Thunderbird, Transmission, and some light games like Sudoku and Chess
  • Many additional programming packages are opened by the underlying Ubuntu software (already Ubuntu Software Center), as well as some other APT-based management device packages.
  • Numerous additional programming packages not yet introduced at this time, such as Evolution, GIMP, Pidgin and Synaptic are still available in stores and can be installed from the main unit or another APT-based package. Cross-dissemination snap bundles and flat packs are also available, both of which allow the introduction of programs as part of the Microsoft product into the majority of major Linux desktop environments (e.g. every currently supported version of Ubuntu and in Fedora) .
  • The default record director is GNOME Files, formerly called Nautilus.
  • All of the application programming presented as a matter of course is free programming. Likewise, Ubuntu distributes some device drivers that are only available in duplicate arrangement, however, such packages are separated in a limited part.

Security of Ubuntu

  • Ubuntu expects to be secure by default.[48][49] User agents run with little benefit and cannot ruin other clients' frameworks or documents.
  • For enhanced security, the sudo instrument is used to set brief perks for performing authoritative operations, allowing the root record to remain locked and preventing untrained users from accidentally making catastrophic framework changes or opening security holes. Polkit is also generally run into the work area.
  • Most organization ports are of course closed to prevent hacking.
  • An implicit firewall allows end clients that turn on network workers to control access. A (GUI for Straightforward Firewall) is available to set it up. Ubuntu orders its bundles with GCC highlights, such as PIE and Cradle Flood Assurance, to solidify its software.
  • These additional highlights increase security tremendously at the exhibition price of 1% in 32-bit and 0.01% in 64-bit.
  • Ubuntu supports full disk encryption as well as private and private registry encryption

Installing Ubuntu

  • The framework requirements change under the Ubuntu items. For the Ubuntu Workspace Release 20.04 LTS, a PC with at least a 2 GHz dual-core processor, 4 GB RAM and 25 GB free disk space is recommended.
  • For less incredible PCs, there are other Ubuntu circulations like Lubuntu and Xubuntu. Ubuntu also sticks to the ARM architecture. It is also accessible via Power ISA,
  • While the more established PowerPC design was formerly supported informally, more recent Power ISA CPUs (POWER8) are now supported. X86-64 ("AMD64") engineering is also significantly maintained.
  • Live images are the usual way for customers to evaluate and therefore introduce Ubuntu. These can be downloaded as circle images (.iso) and copied to a DVD or USB streak drive and then booted. Various strategies include running the live form using UNetbootin or Startup Disk Creator (a preinstalled tool on Ubuntu available on computers previously running the OS) directly from a USB drive (individually a live DVD or a Create Live USB Media).
  • Running Ubuntu this way is slower than running it from a hard drive, but doesn't change the PC unless the client specifically tells it to. In case the client decides to start the live image instead of running an installer on boot, there is still an option to use an installer called Ubiquity to introduce Ubuntu into the live environment after boot.
  • Disk images of all current and previous versions are available for download from the Ubuntu website.
  • Various external projects, such as Reconstructors, are accessible to create modified duplicates of the Ubuntu Live DVDs (or CDs). "Minor CDs" are accessible (for worker use) that fit on one CD.
  • Additionally, USB streak drives can be used to boot Ubuntu and Kubuntu in a way that allows persistent storage of client settings and transfers the capability of the USB-introduced framework between actual computers (in any case, the BIOS of the allow PCs to boot). usb).
  • In recent adaptations of Ubuntu, the Ubuntu Live USB Maker can be used to introduce Ubuntu to a USB drive (with or without a Live CD or DVD).
  • Creating a bootable USB drive with ingenuity is about as easy as dragging a slider to decide how much space to reserve for designation. Ubuntu uses Casper for this.
  • The desktop version can also be deployed with the netboot image (aka netboot tarball), which uses the Debian installer and enables certain professional installations of Ubuntu
  • Setting up computerized systems, upgrading more experienced setups without network access, LVM or RAID packaging will result in frameworks with not exactly 256MB of RAM (although frameworks with low memory will not be able to run a full working environment reasonably).


Ubuntu is significantly faster than Windows and helps make programming and other utilities easier and has limited time savings unlike Windows. Ubuntu helps make Windows stronger and more versatile. Ubuntu runs faster than Windows on every PC I've ever tried. LibreOffice (Ubuntu's default office suite) runs much faster than Microsoft Office on any PC I've ever tried.

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