TSBPA - Examination - Definitions of Work Experience Forms (2023)


Section 901.256(a)(2)of theAuditors Actrequires:To obtain a certificate, an individual must have at least one year of professional experience acceptable to the Board, including experience providing services or advice related to accounting, attestation services, management or financial advisory or advisory services, tax services or other services , which the board deems appropriate for an auditor

Rule 501.52—Definitions

(4)"certify service" means:
(A) an audit or other engagement required by the Board of Directors in accordance with the auditing standards of the AICPA, PCAOB or any other national or international auditing organization recognized by the Board of Directors;
(B) any review or compilation required to be performed by the Board in accordance with accounting and auditing services standards adopted by the AICPA or any other national or international accounting organization recognized by the Board;
(C) an engagement required by the Board to be performed in accordance with standards for certification engagements adopted by the AICPA or other national or international accounting organization recognized by the Board; or
(D) any other assurance service required by the Board and to be performed in accordance with professional standards adopted by the AICPA or any other national or international accounting organization recognized by the Board;

(22)"Professional accounting services" or "professional accounting work" means services or work that require the specialized knowledge or skills of accountants, including but not limited to:
(A) preparing reports on financial statements;
(B) preparedness obligations under SSARS;
(C) provision of management or financial advisory or advisory services;
(D) preparation of tax returns;
(E) advice on tax matters;
(F) provision of forensic accounting services; and
(G) Provision of Internal Audit Services.

Chapter 511, Subchapter F, Rules 511.121through511.124of the boardRulesare provided as reference material to clarify work experience requirements.

Rule 511.121—Request for Recognition of Experience

(a) The Board shall ensure, through the submission of an applicant's qualified supervised work experience, that the applicant applying for the CPA certificate has demonstrated high standards of professional competence, integrity, independence and the ability to learn.
(b) Acceptable work experience as defined in Section 511.123 of this Chapter (relating to reporting work experience) must be in at least one of the following areas:
(1) Attestation Services as defined in Section 501.52(4) of this Title (with respect to Definitions);
(2) professional accounting services or professional accounting work as defined in §501.52(22) of this title.
(c) The Board may, on a case-by-case basis, approve other areas of professional experience recognized as non-routine accounting activity.
(d) An applicant for certification as a CPA must submit an application for recognition of professional experience. The application is to be made on a form prescribed by the Board of Directors and submitted upon completion of the UCPAE.
(e) Acceptable work experience must meet the provision of Section 901.256 of the Act (relating to work experience requirements).
(f) No preliminary decisions are made on the recognition of internships.

Rule 511.122 - Acceptable Work Experience

(a) The work experience must be under the supervision of a CPA who has non-routine accounting experience assigned to the applicant and who holds a current license issued by that board or another state board of accountancy pursuant to Section 511.124 of this Chapter has been issued (regarding acceptable oversight).
(b) Non-routine accounting includes attestation services as defined in Section 501.52(4) of this title (with respect to Definitions) or professional accounting services or professional accounting activities as defined in Section 501.52(22) of this title and the use of independent judgment, application of accounting knowledge and -Skills at entry-level or higher to select, correct, organize, interpret and present real-world data as accounting entries, reports, explanations and analysis, spanning a wide range of tax, accounting, insurance and control situations.
(c) All acceptable work experience must be in the following categories, or any combination thereof:
(1) Client practice auditor. All experience in public accounting for clients must be acquired from a supervisor in a duly licensed firm in good standing with the firm's licensing committee and not be of a routine accounting nature that requires constant independent thinking and judgment on important accounting matters.
(2) Industry. All work experience gained in the industry does not have to be of a routine accounting nature, which requires constant independent thinking and judgment in important accounting matters. Acceptable work experience in the industry includes:
(A) Internal Auditor;
(B) HR, fund or tax advisors;
(C) accounting, financial or accounting systems analyst; and
(D) Controller.
(3) Government. All government work experience need not be of a routine accounting nature that requires ongoing independent thinking and judgment in important accounting matters and meets the criteria in subparagraphs (A)-(E) of this paragraph. The Board will consider, on a case-by-case basis, experiences that do not clearly meet the criteria set out in sub-paragraphs (A)-(E) of this paragraph. Acceptable work experience in the public sector includes, but is not limited to:
(A) employment in the state government as an accountant or chartered accountant with salary rating B14 or higher or equivalent;
(B) employment in the federal government as an accountant, chartered accountant, or IRS tax agent;
(C) Employed as a Special Agent Accountant with the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
(D) military service, as an accountant or chartered accountant second lieutenant or higher; and
(E) Employed by other government agencies as an accountant or chartered accountant.
(4) Law Firm. All work experience gained in a law firm need not be of a routine accounting nature, requiring constant independent thinking and judgment on important accounting matters, comparable to the experience typically found in a CPA firm, and being under the supervision of a CPA or an attorney, and must be in one or more of the following areas:
(A) tax planning, compliance and litigation; and
(B) Estate Planning.
(5) Education. Work experience gained as an instructor at a college or university may qualify if there is evidence that independent thought and judgment has been used in non-routine accounting matters. Only upper-level full-time teaching is considered. All experiences are overseen by the department head or a faculty member who is a CPA.
(6) Internship. The Board will consider, on a case-by-case basis, experience gained through an approved accounting internship program provided that the experience was non-routine accounting within the meaning of subsection (b) of this section. If an accounting internship is credited towards meeting the training requirement, the internship may not be used to fulfill professional practice.
(7) Other. Work experience acquired in other positions may be recognized by the Board as experience comparable to that acquired in the practice of public accounting under the supervision of a chartered accountant, after confirmation by the person or persons supervising the applicant, that the experience was of a non-routine accounting nature, requiring constant independent thinking and judgment on important accounting matters.
(8) Self-employment shall not be used to meet professional experience requirements unless approved by the Board.

Rule 511.123 – Reporting of Work Experience

(a) The Board requires at least one year of professional experience as described in §511.122 of this Chapter (regarding acceptable professional experience) obtained in one of the following ways:
(1) Full-time employment of 40 hours or more per week for at least 12 months; or
(2) Part-time employment of at least 20 hours per week, pending 2000 hours of accounting experience. The part-time internship must be completed within 24 months of the start of the activity.
(b) All work experience submitted to the Board for consideration must be accompanied by the following items:
(1) a statement from the supervising CPA describing non-routine work performed by the applicant and a description of significant accounting matters requiring the applicant's independent thought and judgment;
(2) a statement from the supervising CPA describing the type of experience the CPA possesses that qualifies him or her to supervise the applicant; and
(3) an affidavit from the supervising CPA stating that he/she has supervised the applicant's work; and expresses its opinion that the applicant is qualified to perform all accounting-related work assigned to the applicant to the professional standards required by the Board.

Rule 511.124 - Acceptable Oversight

(a) Acceptable oversight must be performed by a CPA who has experience in the non-routine accounting area assigned to an applicant and who holds an active license or permit in that State or any other State and during the period of not by the CPE's board of directors was exempted from oversight.
(1) Supervision is always present when the person to be supervised reports directly to the supervisor, is commissioned, checked and assessed. The supervisor in this capacity may be at an intermediate level of supervision above the applicant.
(2) If there is no CPA, acceptable oversight can be obtained if the following conditions are met:
(A) a registered CPA firm is engaged to monitor, review and evaluate work experience; and
(B) the monitoring, review and evaluation of work is carried out on a routine and recurring basis to enable the CPA firm to provide documentation of work experience;
(C) the CPA Firm does not provide attestation services that require independence on the part of the applicant or the applicant's employer; and
(D) the CPA charged with oversight is actively licensed and experienced to provide such oversight in the non-routine accounting area assigned to the applicant.
(3) Telecommunications equipment and computers may be used to facilitate supervision. The Board requires detailed documentation when such devices are used to facilitate surveillance.
(b) It is the responsibility of an applicant to demonstrate that oversight was appropriate and effective in all situations not consistent with the examples above.


Does internship experience count for CPA? ›

Do internship hours count towards the work experience requirement for CPA Licensure? Yes, internship hours count toward work experience.

What are the CPE requirements for Texas Cpas? ›

Texas Administrative Code. (a) A licensee shall complete at least 120 CPE credits in each three-year period, and a minimum of 20 CPE credits in each one-year period. (b) CPE, except as provided by board rule, shall be offered by board authorized CPE sponsors.

How long do you have to pass the CPA exam in Texas? ›

Passing the CPA Exam

All sections must be passed within an 18-month period, otherwise, exam scores start to expire.

What to do after passing all 4 CPA exams Texas? ›

Obtain Your CPA License!

After passing all four sections of the CPA exam, meeting the education and work experience requirements, and completing the ethics exam, you'll finally be ready to apply for your CPA license! Texas' application process is fairly straightforward.

Does intern count as full time work experience? ›

The short answer is yes, internships count as professional experience and should be added to your resume, especially when you've recently graduated from college and are putting together your entry-level resume after graduation. It doesn't matter if the internship you performed was paid, unpaid, or for college credits.

Is intern considered as work experience? ›

As you can see, internships absolutely do count as real work experience, offering invaluable industry opportunities at the early stages of an individual's career journey.

Do Webinars count as live CPE for CPAs? ›

Do webinars count as live CPE? Yes. CPE webinars are online instruction courses that qualify as live events. This means that the CPE credit is earned without exams or tests.

How many continuing education hours do Texas teachers need? ›

Continuing Professional Education (CPE) is required for all Texas educators holding a standard certificate. The appropriate number of clock-hours of continuing professional education (CPE) must be completed during each five-year renewal period (TAC §232.11). Classroom teachers must complete 150 CPE hours.

What happens if you fail a CPE audit? ›

Most of the time, a licensed CPA who fails to meet CPE requirements may face disciplinary action, including fine and penalty assessments, license suspension, and a requirement to fulfill additional CPE hours.

What happens if you fail CPA 3 times? ›

At each unsuccessful attempt, candidates can appeal and ask for re-marking. After three unsuccessful attempts and remarkings, candidates will automatically be de-registered from the CPA PEP program.

How many times can you fail the CPA Exam? ›

You are able to retake the CPA Exam as many times as you would like, but only take each section one time per testing window. Focus on the areas that you were weak in and perhaps change up your study patterns to make a difference. 10.

Which part of the CPA Exam is the hardest to pass? ›

Students often report that Financial Accounting and Reporting (FAR) is the most difficult part of the CPA Exam to pass, because it is the most comprehensive section.

What percentage of people pass all 4 CPA exams on the first try? ›

The overall pass rate for each section of the CPA exam hovers around 50%, but how many people manage to pass all four sections on the first try? About 20%. Around 1 in 2 people will pass a specific section of the exam, and about 1 in 5 people will pass each section on their first try.

Does the CPA Exam get harder if you are doing well? ›

If a candidate performs well on the first testlet, he/ she will get a more difficult second testlet while those who do not perform well on the first testlet will receive a second medium difficulty testlet. This testing process is called multi-stage testing (MST).

Do CPA Exam scores expire after you pass all 4? ›

Once you have passed all four sections of the Uniform CPA exam, your exam credits do not expire. However, the ethics examination expires within 24 months of passing, so it is recommended that you take that examination close to the time you are ready to apply for licensure.

What is considered as work experience? ›

Work experience is any time spent in a work environment, in any sector, learning new skills on the job and gaining first-hand, real-world experience. Remember, work experience isn't just for students or young people but can be beneficial for people of all ages and backgrounds.

What is the difference between intern and work experience? ›

The term 'work experience' is a general term referring to any time spent experiencing what a place of work is like. The terms 'placement' and 'internship' refer to a more considered period of pre-career full-time work experience.

What counts as professional work experience? ›

Professional experience is paid work experience that is relevant to a specific role or industry. Mostly, professional experience applies to those who have accrued experience through full-time work in a field where related education is a requirement or in a field where an individual must have a professional license.

Do projects count as work experience? ›

No, personal projects don't count as experience.

They don't usually count as formal work experience, but that doesn't mean you shouldn't put some of them on your resume, especially if they demonstrate your professional skills.

How do you count years of experience? ›

Calculate the amount of time you've spent in the industry.

In both cases, you have to subtract the last date of employment/current date of employment (if you are currently working in the role) and the date of joining.

Does 3 months experience count? ›

Yes, it counts. In a way that you can definitely mention in your resume.

How many CPE credits is 75 minutes? ›

In most jurisdictions a 75-minute course qualifies for only one hour of CPE. Other jurisdictions allow 1 Qs hours for each 75-minute course, so that two 75-minute courses would count as three hours of CPE.

How to get easy CPE credits? ›

Best Ways for CPAs to Earn CPE
  1. Webinars. The most common way for CPAs to earn their CPE hours is by tuning into webinars. ...
  2. Conferences. ...
  3. Networking Events. ...
  4. Self-Study. ...
  5. Attending Classes. ...
  6. Creating Materials. ...
  7. Deliver a Seminar.

What if I have not completed CPE hours? ›

It is a myth that if one does not complete CPE, the Certificate of Practice will not be renewed. Over the years, ICAI has come up with various mandatory courses for the students like Information Technology Training I and II, Orientation Training , GMCS-1 and 2.

How many hours is equal to 1 CEU? ›

A: One CEU equals ten contact hours of participation in organized continuing education classes and/or training conducted by a qualified instructor. A contact hour is equivalent to one 60-minute interaction between an instructor and the participant.

What is the difference between CE and CPE credits? ›

The difference between CPE and CEU is basically the amount of contact time each represents. CPE (Continuing Professional Education) points are defined as 50 contact minutes of instruction provided by a qualified individual while CEU (Continuing Education Unit) points are defined as 10 contact hours.

How many continuing education hours are required for license renewal every 2 years in Texas? ›

24 hours

How hard is the CPE? ›

The CPE is one of the most difficult English certificates to obtain, and is one of the most advanced English language qualifications.

Can you take the same CPE course twice? ›

Yes, you can retake the same courses every year.

Who is exempted in the CPE requirements? ›

Members who have not carried out work of any professional/ business nature (whether paid or unpaid) for the full CPE year under request may apply for waiver of the CPE hours. Examples where a waiver may be granted: Medical conditions: Long term or serious illness and/or disability.

How many people fail the CPA exam the first time? ›

About half of the individuals who take the CPA Exam don't pass on their first attempt. According to the AICPA, the national average pass rate is 45-55%. Cumulative pass rates reported by the AICPA for the calendar year 2021 show that FAR had the lowest pass rate at 44.54% and BEC had the highest pass rate at 61.94%.

What is the success rate of CPA? ›

2020 PEP Pass Rates
CPA PEP Module2020 Pass Rate2019 Pass Rate
Core 286.2%84.3%
2 more rows

How can I pass my CPA in first attempt? ›

To improve your chances, make sure you follow some or all of the below five strategies.
  1. Choose a review course. Review courses typically help you pass the CPA exam on the first try, so you haven't stuck re-taking any section. ...
  2. Time Management. ...
  3. Cover all sections of study materials. ...
  4. Use Spaced repetition.
Nov 1, 2021

Does a 75 pass the CPA exam? ›

To pass a CPA Exam section, you must score a minimum of 75. Have you ever wondered how the AICPA calculates your CPA Exam section scores? Scores are reported on a scale that ranges from 0 to 99.

How long does it take the average person to pass the CPA exam? ›

How long does it take to pass the CPA Exam? The average CPA candidate may need 6-12 months to pass the entire CPA Exam. This could vary depending on: How familiar you are with the material.

How many months do you have to pass all 4 CPA exams? ›

Is there a time limit for passing the CPA Exam? You must pass all four sections of the CPA Exam within 18 months.

What is the easiest CPA? ›

Either way, BEC is considered the easiest part of the CPA exam because it has the highest pass rate. The AICPA highlights one reason BEC is higher is because it is the section most commonly taken last, giving students more experience with test-taking after taking other sections.

What is the easiest CPA section? ›

BEC is often thought to be the easiest. It has the highest pass rate. AUD and REG tend to be middle of the road.
The four levels of skill tested in the CPA Exam sections include:
  • Remembering and understanding.
  • Application.
  • Analysis.
  • Evaluation.

Which CPA Exam takes the least amount of time? ›

There are several reasons why the BEC section is considered the easiest section of the four. In addition to the fact that it covers the least material and is of the shortest of the four exam sections, BEC also does not have any simulation questions; however, it does contain 3 written communication questions.

Which college has the highest CPA pass rate? ›

Therefore, according to this report, the top schools by CPA pass rate are (drumroll, please!): University of Pennsylvania: 90.9% Rice University: 90.8% University of Texas – Austin: 89.5%

Is the CPA Exam the hardest test? ›

It is considered one of the most challenging exams for obtaining standardized professional credentials. When the national pass rate is approximately 1 in 2, those who will eventually need to take the CPA exam should use every resource possible to give them an edge against a nearly 50% fail rate.

How much do CPAs make? ›

Top-Paying States for Accountants and Auditors, 2020
StateNumber of Accountants EmployedAverage Annual Salary
New York112,360$101,440
New Jersey39,060$96,260
1 more row

Is CPA Exam curved? ›

Is the CPA Exam Graded On A Curve? The CPA Examination is not curved. Every candidate needs to score 75 points in each section to pass the exam. The score of every candidate is entirely independent of other candidates.

Is there a CPA shortage? ›

The United States is facing an acute shortage of CPAs.

Are CPAs respected? ›

Respected and admired by their peers, clients and the general population, CPAs are often viewed as an elite group of professionals. After years of academic and technical training – and passing the rigorous CPA Exam – a CPA's ethics and character are further tested with several years of extensive on-the-job training.

How many attempts do you have for CPA? ›

You have three attempts to pass each examination. If you received a “Fail,” read the scenarios below to find out what steps to take depending on your situation.

Do you have to reapply if you fail a CPA Exam? ›

If you failed an exam section, missed your NTS scheduling window or failed to pass all CPA exam sections within the 18-month window, you will need to reapply for the failed or expired sections. This can be quite expensive, but sometimes unavoidable, even with sufficient preparation and time scheduling.

Does internship experience count for CFA? ›

As a CFA candidate, you must have at least 4 years of relevant working experience, which can be gained before, during, or after you pass the CFA exam. However, only full-time positions count toward this work experience requirement. For this reason, part-time positions or internships don't count.

Does an internship count as an extracurricular? ›

Yes, internships count regardless of when they occur in the year! Internships would go on the extracurricular portion of your CommonApp/Coalition App.

Does being an intern count as being an employee? ›

Background. The FLSA requires “for-profit” employers to pay employees for their work. Interns and students, however, may not be “employees” under the FLSA—in which case the FLSA does not require compensation for their work.

Do internships count as work experience for CMA? ›

Internships and trainee, clerical, or nontechnical positions do not provide appropriate experience to fulfill this requirement. Candidates for CMA certification must complete all required examination parts.

What counts as qualified work experience for CFA? ›

Qualified hours must be directly related to the investment decision-making process or producing a work product that informs or adds value to that process. Experience earned through full-time, part-time, or remote work arrangements—before, during, or after your participation in the CFA® Program—can qualify.

Can I get CFA without work experience? ›

The short answer is, again, no. The CFA Institute simply requires you to have a bachelor's degree (or equivalent) or be in the final year of your bachelor's degree program. You'll also need to have four years of relevant work experience, and, of course, you must pass all three levels of the CFA exam.

Can I register for CFA without work experience? ›

If you are a student with no professional work experience, the date of your exam window must be within 11 months of your graduation before you can sit for the CFA Program.

What is counted as work experience? ›

Work experience is any time spent in a work environment, in any sector, learning new skills on the job and gaining first-hand, real-world experience. Remember, work experience isn't just for students or young people but can be beneficial for people of all ages and backgrounds.

What are not considered extracurricular activities? ›

Examples: Playing video games at home alone or with friends does not count as an extracurricular activity. Starting a gaming club at school and organizing a gaming tournament for charity do count as an extracurricular activity.

Does part time job count as work experience? ›

Including Part-Time Job in Your Work Experience Section

If these positions involve relevant skills, or they are necessary to demonstrate consistent work history, you should definitely list them in your work experience section.

Does training count as work experience? ›

No. This is a pretty common question, and I thought that I could slip my internship into work experience, being a fresher. Only experience outside of your undergraduation is counted as work experience. You have to be a full time employee to qualify for the work experience criteria.

Can I do CMA without work experience? ›

Experience Requirement

Candidates for the CMA Certification must have two continuous years of full-time work experience in management accounting and/or financial management. Four years of continuous part-time work experience will also fulfill this requirement.

How do I submit work experience to CMA? ›

In order to get the CMA certification, you must fill out a work verification form and send it to the IMA via email. And if you have any other questions about the CMA experience requirements, you can email the IMA at ima@imanet.org or call 800-638-4427.


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